• Episodes of severe, shooting, jabbing, electric-type pain
  • Episodes that last seconds to minutes; attacks that last from days to months with periods of no pain
  • Pain triggered by face-touching, drinking, eating, chewing, speaking, or teeth-brushing
  • Constant aching and burning feeling before spasm-like pain
  • Pain in cheek, jaw, teeth, gums, lips, or less often the eye and forehead
  • Pain in one side of the face
  • Pain in one spot or spread in a wider pattern

senior woman lying on the ground after falling down from the sunburn,heat stroke,sunny day in summer hot weather,daughter care help support her elderly mother with faint,dizzy,syncope

Causes and Risk Factors

In trigeminal neuralgia, the function of the trigeminal nerve is disrupted from contact between a normal blood vessel and the trigeminal nerve at the base of the brain, leading to pressure on the nerve.

This can be a result of ageing, tumour, multiple sclerosis, or a disorder that damages the myelin sheath protecting certain nerves.

Brain lesion, surgical injuries, stroke, or facial trauma may also be a potential cause.